Doctors prescribe tramadol when other analgesics that are not as strong do not have the desired effect. It can be used to treat moderate to severe pain from:
- An operation or injury;
- Nerve pain;
- Tramadol is also used to treat pain caused by other factors.
How to use tramadol
Tramadol is available as delayed release tablets and capsules or oral drops. The capsules and tablets should be swallowed whole with plenty of liquid. They begin to take effect after about an hour and provide approximately 12 hours of relief.
Tramadol drops can be taken with water. You can also squeeze the drops onto a sugar cube and let it dissolve in your mouth. Tramadol drops reduce pain fast. They take less than an hour to become effective and last for about six hours.
Strength, daily dose and duration must be determined by a doctor. Always follow the prescription exactly – never take more or less than your doctor recommends. The general recommended dose is:
Tramadol Ratio drops (100 mg/ml):
- Adults and children aged 14 and over: 20 to 40 drops, three to four times a day.
Tramadol Ratio Retard tablets and capsules (50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg or 200 mg):
- Adults and children aged 14 and over: one tablet or capsule twice daily.
The maximum dose of tramadol is 400 mg daily. Orders for more than 400 mg, with a maximum of 30 days, will be rejected by doctors and pharmacies. For children under the age of 14 the appropriate dose is determined by a doctor. See the package leaflet for more information.
Tramadol can cause side effects, including:
- Drowsiness and sleepiness;
- Nausea and vomiting;
Most side effects are usually only temporary and will disappear once the body adjusts to the use of the medication. See the package leaflet for a complete list of possible side effects.